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WEIGHT LOSING: An activity in which the transportation cost of the inputs is greater than the transportation cost of the output. Using the term weight to mean transportation cost, an activity is said to lose weight if the cost of getting the inputs to the factory is greater than the cost of moving the output to the market. A weight-losing activity has a greater attraction to, and tends to locate near, the source for the inputs.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: The Concept
  • What It Is
  • Two Sides: SRAS
  • Two Sides: LRAS
  • Two Sides: AD
  • Two Traits
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Equilibrium
  • Concept
  • Three Markets
  • Moving Target
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: Doing Curves
  • Long-Run Equilibrium
  • Long-Run Disequilibrium: Too High
  • Long-Run Disequilibrium: Too Low
  • Short-Run Equilibrium
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Self Correction
  • Short Run
  • Recessionary Gap
  • Inflationary Gap
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Policy Preview
  • Time
  • Time of Adjustment
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Aggregate Market

    This lesson is devoted to the exposition of the aggregate market, which combines the aggregate demand curve and the two aggregate supply curves into two related models used to analyze the macroeconomy. The main focus of this lesson is on how each of the two models, one for the short run and one for the long run, achieve equilibrium. A key conclusion is that the short-run equilibrium does not necessarily correspond to the full-employment production achieved by the long-run equilibrium. This creates recessionary and inflation gaps, which correspond to the macroeconomic problems of unemployment and inflation.

    • In the first unit of this lesson we ponder the basics of the aggregate market, including the importance of aggregate demand, aggregate supply, the price level, real production, unemployment, and inflation.
    • Moving into the second unit, we review the concept of equilibrium and see how it relates to the aggregate market in both the short run and the long run.
    • The third unit analyzes short and long-run equilibrium by combining the aggregate demand, short-run aggregate supply, and long-run aggregate supply curves.
    • The topic of self-correction is examined in the fourth unit, especially how automatic shifts of the short-run aggregate supply curve can eliminate recessionary and inflationary gaps.
    • The fifth and final unit of this lesson previews the use of the aggregate market to analyze business cycle stabilization policies, with particular emphasis on the time period of adjustment.

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    DEFLATION

    A persistent decrease in the average price level in the economy. This is the direct opposite of inflation, a persistent increase in the average price level. Like inflation, deflation occurs when the AVERAGE price level decreases over time. While some prices might decrease, other prices could increase or remain unchanged, deflation occurs if the AVERAGE follows a downward trend. Another related phenomenon is disinflation, a decrease in the inflation rate.

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    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time touring the new suburban shopping complex looking to buy either a brown leather attache case or car battery jumper cables. Be on the lookout for spoiled cheese hiding under your bed hatching conspiracies against humanity.
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