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SECOND RULE OF SUBJECTIVITY: The second of seven basic rules of the economy. It is the notion that market prices are ultimately determined by subjective values and preferences of buyers and resource owners. While regular, everyday consumers are prone to accept the prices "set" by retail stores and other sellers as etched in stone (perhaps along with the Biblical ten commandments), such is not the case. The price of a product depends on two things, demand (especially the demand price that buyers are willing to pay) and supply (especially the supply price that sellers are willing to accept). Both, I repeat both, are subjectively determined. By subjective, I mean they are based on the values, beliefs, tastes, and preferences of people.

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Lesson 12: Business Cycles | Unit 5: Policies Page: 23 of 26

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Stabilization policies try to avoid or correct the problems caused by business cycle instability.
  • The two most popular are fiscal policy and monetary policy.
  • Do nothing 'nonpolicies' might be best in some cases, but are seldom used because people often demand immediate solutions to problems.
  • Business cycle instability is indicated by the red line rising above and falling below the long-run trend line.
  • The flatter, smoother line is the goal of stabilization policy, to limit business cycle instability.
  • Stabilization policies can be either expansionary or contractionary.

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PERFECTLY INELASTIC

An elasticity alternative in which changes in one variable (usually price) do NOT cause any changes in another variable (usually quantity). Quantity is totally, completely unresponsive to price. Quantity just does not change, regardless of changes in price. This characterization of elasticity is most important for the price elasticity of demand and the price elasticity of supply. Perfectly inelastic is one of five elasticity alternatives. The other four are perfectly elastic, relatively elastic, relatively inelastic, and unit elastic.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a garage sale seeking to buy either decorative garden figurines or a wall poster commemorating last Friday (you know why). Be on the lookout for strangers with large satchels of used undergarments.
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The standard "debt" notation I.O.U. does not mean "I owe you," but actually stands for "I owe unto..."
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