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MARGINAL FACTOR COST, PERFECT COMPETITION: The change in total factor cost resulting from a change in the quantity of factor input employed by a perfectly competitive firm. Marginal factor cost, abbreviated MFC, indicates how total factor cost changes with the employment of one more input. It is found by dividing the change in total factor cost by the change in the quantity of input used. Marginal factor cost is compared with marginal revenue product to identify the profit-maximizing quantity of input to hire.

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Lesson 12: Business Cycles | Unit 1: Instability Page: 4 of 26

Topic: Contractionary Bad Times <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Contractionary bad times give us the most problems.
  • First: Real GDP declines during a contraction. This means less production for the four sectors to buy.
  • Second: Unemployment increases. Resources, especially labor, produce less and receive less income. 3-5 million workers newly employed.
  • Third: The incomes of employed resources also tend to fall, or at least not rise as much as an expansion.
  • Fourth: Business profits decline and bankruptcies increase.
  • Fifth: Social problems, including crime, poverty, and alcoholism, worsen.
But contractions have some good:
  • Inflation remains low or declines.
  • Some resources are more efficiently allocated.

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TARIFFS

Taxes imposed by the government of one nation on imports from other nations. The primary goal of tariffs is to reduce imports and increase domestic production. As taxes, tariffs raise the demand price and lower the supply price, and thus reduce the quantity exchanged. Tariffs are one of three common foreign trade policies designed to discourage imports and/or encourage exports. The other two are import quotas and export subsidies.

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APLS

BLUE PLACIDOLA
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time lost in your local discount super center wanting to buy either a 50 foot extension cord or a combination CD player, clock radio, and telephone (with answering machine). Be on the lookout for cardboard boxes.
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This isn't me! What am I?

Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen were the 1st Nobel Prize winners in Economics in 1969.
"The greatest things ever done on Earth have been done little by little. "

-- William Jennings Bryan

DTI
Department of Trade and Industry (UK)
A PEDestrian's Guide
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