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SAVING-INVESTMENT MODEL: A model used to identify equilibrium in Keynesian economics based on injections (investment, I) and leakages (saving, S) for the two basic sectors (household and business). Equilibrium is achieved at the intersection of the saving line, S, and the investment line, I.

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Lesson 12: Business Cycles | Unit 2: A Simple Cycle Page: 7 of 26

Topic: Contraction <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Contractions generally last about a year, but some have persisted for 1 1/2 years and some end after six months.
  • A contraction, also termed recession, is the decline of real GDP, from A to B.
  • A contraction is officially designated as at least six months of declining economic activity.
  • The 1930s Great Depression had two contractions, one lasting 43 months.
  • A contraction takes the economy from above the long-run trend to below the long-run trend. The long-run trend is full-employment production.
  • Below the long-run trend resources are not fully employed, unemployment increases.

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FEDERAL FUNDS

A common term for Federal Reserve deposits held by commercial banks, especially when these deposits are loaned between banks through the Federal funds market. The interest rate charged for these interbank loans is termed the Federal funds rate. Federal funds are used by individual banks to meet reserve requirements and the total held by the banking system is manipulated by the Federal Reserve System in the conduct of monetary policy.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time strolling around a discount warehouse buying club hoping to buy either an AC adapter for your CD player or storage boxes for your family photos. Be on the lookout for the last item on a shelf.
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Before 1933, the U.S. dime was legal as payment only in transactions of $10 or less.
"Do what you feel in your heart to be right for you'll be criticized anyway. You'll be damned if you do and damned if you don't. "

-- Eleanor Roosevelt, first lady

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