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HEDONIC PRICING MODEL: A statistical model used to identify factors or influences on the price of good based on the notion that price is based on both intrinsic characteristic and external factors. The hedonic pricing model is most commonly used in the housing market in which the price of housing is based on the physical characteristics of the house (size, appearance, features) and the surrounding neighborhood (accessibility to schools and shopping, quality of other houses, availability of public services). Estimating hedonic prices makes it possible to identify the extent to which specific factors affect the price.

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Lesson 13: Aggregate Demand | Unit 3: The Curve Page: 13 of 22

Topic: Interest-Rate Effect <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Changes in the interest rate can alter consumption and investment spending.

Changes in the investment and consumption spending that occur when changes in the price level cause changes in the interest rate is the interest-rate effect.

  • Investment and consumption expenditures are made with borrowed funds. The interest rate affects the cost of borrowing these funds.
  • The price level affects the interest rate:
    • A higher price level induces a higher interest rate, which raises the cost of borrowing and discourages investment and consumption.
    • A lower price level induces a lower interest rate, which reduces the cost of borrowing and encourages investment and consumption.

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KINKED-DEMAND CURVE ANALYSIS

An analysis using the kinked-demand curve to explain rigid prices often found with oligopoly. The kinked-demand curve contains two distinct segments--one for higher prices that is more elastic and one for lower prices that is less elastic. Key to this analysis is that the corresponding marginal revenue curve contains three segments--one associated with the more elastic segment, one associated with the less elastic segment, and one associated with the kink. A profit-maximizing firm can then equate marginal cost to a wide range of marginal revenue values along the vertical segment of the marginal revenue curve. This suggests that marginal cost must change significantly before an oligopolistic firm is inclined to change price.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time watching infomercials trying to buy either a birthday greeting card for your grandfather or a weathervane with a cow on top. Be on the lookout for neighborhood pets, especially belligerent parrots.
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One of the largest markets for gold in the United States is the manufacturing of class rings.
"The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining."

-- John F. Kennedy, 35th U. S. president

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