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June 22, 2018 

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ABILITY-TO-PAY PRINCIPLE: A principle of taxation in which taxes are based on the income or resource-ownership ability of people to pay the tax. The income tax collected by our friends at the Internal Revenue Service is one of the most common taxes that seeks to abide by the ability-to-pay principle. In theory, the income tax system is set up such that people with greater incomes pay more taxes. Proportional and progressive taxes follow this ability-to-pay principle, while regressive taxes, such as sales taxes and Social Security taxes, don't.

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Lesson 13: Aggregate Demand | Unit 3: The Curve Page: 14 of 22

Topic: Net-Export Effect <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

An increase in the price level decreases exports and increases imports, which gives us a decrease in net exports.
  • If the price level increases in one country, the production of other countries becomes relatively cheaper.
For example:
  • An increase in the U.S. price level discourages foreign buyers from buying U.S. goods, and encourages U.S. buyers to buy relatively cheaper foreign goods.
The net-export effect is that a change in the price level, changes the relative prices of exports and imports, and changes net exports in the opposite way.

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AGGREGATE DEMAND INCREASE, SHORT-RUN AGGREGATE MARKET

A shock to the short-run aggregate market caused by an increase in aggregate demand, resulting in and illustrated by a rightward shift of the aggregate demand curve. An increase in aggregate demand in the short-run aggregate market results in an increase in the price level and an increase in real production. The level of real production resulting from the shock can be greater or less than full-employment real production.

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APLS

YELLOW CHIPPEROON
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time wandering around the downtown area wanting to buy either a coffee cup commemorating last Friday (you know why) or a wall poster commemorating the first day of spring. Be on the lookout for infected paper cuts.
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This isn't me! What am I?

In 1914, Ford paid workers who were age 22 or older $5 per day -- double the average wage offered by other car factories.
"Whenever you fall, pick up something. "

-- Oswald Avery, scientist

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