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LAFFER CURVE: The graphical inverted-U relation between tax rates and total tax collections by government. Developed by economist Arthur Laffer, the Laffer curve formed a key theoretical foundation for supply-side economics of President Reagan during the 1980s. It is based on the notion that government collects zero revenue if the tax rate is 0% and if the tax rate is 100%. At a 100% tax rate no one has the incentive to work, produce, and earn income, so there is no income to tax. As such, the optimum tax rate, in which government revenue is maximized, lies somewhere between 0% and 100%. This generates a curve shaped like and inverted U, rising from zero to a peak, then falling back to zero. If the economy is operating to the right of the peak, then government revenue can be increased by decreasing the tax rate. This was used to justify supply-side economic policies during the Reagan Administration, especially the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 (Kemp-Roth Act).

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Lesson 13: Aggregate Demand | Unit 4: Determinants Page: 19 of 22

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  • The nature of economic instability coming from the four basic sectors.
  • The nature of aggregate demand determinants as ceteris paribus factors that are initially assumed constant and aren't measured explicitly on our AD graph.
  • How an increase (or decrease) in aggregate demand is represented as a shift to the right (or left) and how this increase (or decrease) represents an increase (or decrease) in aggregate expenditures over a range of price levels.

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EMPLOYMENT RATE

The ratio of employed persons to the total civilian noninstitutionalized population 16 years old or older. Also termed the employment-population ratio, the employment rate is used as an alternative to the unemployment rate as an indicator of the utilization of labor resources.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time strolling around a discount warehouse buying club seeking to buy either clothing for your kitty cats or a set of luggage without wheels. Be on the lookout for attractive cable television service repair people.
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Parker Brothers, the folks who produce the Monopoly board game, prints more Monopoly money each year than real currency printed by the U.S. government.
"Inside the ring or out, ain't nothing wrong with going down. It's staying down that's wrong. "

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