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 CARDINAL: A measurement based on a scale or quantitative numbers, such as 1, 5, or 357.2, that enables a comparison in magnitude. Comparability means, for example, that the difference between 5 and 2 is the same as the difference between 12 and 9. Measures such as height and weight use cardinal numbers. Most economic measures are based on cardinal numbers, including gross domestic product, unemployment rate, the price of chocolate, and the quantity of wheat produced. The benefit of cardinal measurement is the ability to directly compare one measure with another. If, for example, the price of chocolate is \$1 a pound and the price of wheat is \$4 a pound, then wheat is four times more expensive than chocolate. Ordinal measures, which involve relative ranking, is an alternative type of measure.
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 Lesson 14: Aggregate Supply | Unit 4: Determinants Page: 17 of 20

 Topic: Summary <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

• The rather stable, passive nature of the supply side of the aggregate market--at least when compared to the demand side.
• How aggregate supply determinants shift the LRAS and SRAS curves, with an increase in aggregate supply moving rightward and a decrease moving leftward.
• How the LRAS curve shifts from changes in full employment production resulting from changes in the quantity or quality of scarce resources.
• Some of the ways that quantities of labor, capital, land, and entrepreneurship can change.
• How resource quality is primarily changed through technology and education.
• Production cost--especially things like wages and oil prices--as the primary determinant of the SRAS curve.

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FIRST-DEGREE PRICE DISCRIMINATION

A form of price discrimination in which a seller charges the highest price that buyers are willing and able to pay for each quantity of output sold. This is also termed perfect price discrimination because the seller is able to extract ALL consumer surplus from the buyers. This is one of three price discrimination degrees. The others are second-degree price discrimination and third-degree price discrimination.

 PINK FADFLY[What's This?] Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for the new strip mall out on the highway hoping to buy either a birthday greeting card for your grandfather or a weathervane with a cow on top. Be on the lookout for infected paper cuts.Your Complete Scope
 Potato chips were invented in 1853 by a irritated chef repeatedly seeking to appease the hard to please Cornelius Vanderbilt who demanded french fried potatoes that were thinner and crisper than normal.
 "Now is the only time there is. Make your now wow, your minutes miracles, and your days pay. Your life will have been magnificently lived and invested, and when you die you will have made a difference."-- Mark Victor Hansen