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COLLUSION AND EFFICIENCY: Colluding oligopolistic firms generally produce less output and charge a higher price than would be the case for a perfectly competitive industry. In essence, colluding oligopolistic firms function just as if a market were monopolized. The price charged by the colluding firms is higher than the marginal cost of production. The equality between price and marginal cost is THE key indication that resources are allocated efficiently and that society's resources are being used to generate the highest possible level of satisfaction. Because the colluding firms control the market like a monopoly, the market demand curve is THE demand curve for the colluding firms's. With a negatively-sloped demand curve, price is greater than marginal revenue. And because a profit-maximizing firm equates marginal revenue with marginal cost, the price charged by the colluding firms when the maximize industry profit is greater than marginal cost.

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Lesson 14: Aggregate Supply | Unit 2: Two Options Page: 4 of 20

Topic: Time Periods <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Production of goods and services takes time.Two time periods:
  • Long run A period in which all prices are flexible. Long run price flexibility means that all markets are in equilibrium.
  • Short run A period in which some prices are flexible and some are rigid. Short run price rigidity leads to disequilibrium in resource markets, even though product and financial markets are in equilibrium.
  • In the short run, disequilibrium in resource markets (especially labor) means that jobs remain unfilled or some workers are unemployed, even though we have equilibrium in the product markets, with satisfied buyers and sellers.

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AVERAGE PRODUCT CURVE

A curve that graphically illustrates the relation between average product and the quantity of the variable input, holding all other inputs fixed. This curve indicates the per unit output at each level of the variable input. The average product curve is one of three related curves used in the analysis of the short-run production of a firm. The other two are total product curve and marginal product curve.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time going from convenience store to convenience store trying to buy either a T-shirt commemorating the 2000 Olympics or a genuine fake plastic Tiffany lamp. Be on the lookout for malfunctioning pocket calculators.
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Parker Brothers, the folks who produce the Monopoly board game, prints more Monopoly money each year than real currency printed by the U.S. government.
"Now is the only time there is. Make your now wow, your minutes miracles, and your days pay. Your life will have been magnificently lived and invested, and when you die you will have made a difference."

-- Mark Victor Hansen

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