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CASH: the common term for paper currency and metal coins components of the money supply. Cash includes the foldable green paper with portraits of famous dead people, and those shiny metal discs with raised imprints of famous dead people. Cash is often divided into the "cash in circulation" which is what the nonbank public uses for purchases, and "vault cash" which is what banks have stashed away in the large, highly-secured, vaults. Cash in circulation is part of the money supply. Vault cash is part of bank reserves.

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Lesson 15: Aggregate Market | Unit 3: Doing Curves Page: 14 of 22

Topic: Short-Run Equilibrium <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Let's identify short-run equilibrium.
  • The negatively-sloped aggregate demand curve, is labeled AD. This curve is the same as in the long run.
  • The SRAS curve is the positively-sloped short-run aggregate supply curve.
  • The short-run aggregate market equilibrium at the intersection of the two curves.
At this short-run equilibrium:
  • The quantities of real production demanded and supplied are equal, buyers and sellers are satisfied, and the price level doesn't change.
  • But, we don't know where full employment is located. This equilibrium might involve a surplus or a shortage in the labor market.

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SAY'S LAW

A principle of classical economics developed the French economist Jean-Baptiste Say that is commonly summarized as "supply creates its own demand." This law, also referred to as Say's "theory of markets" or "law of markets," indicates that the act of producing aggregate output generates a sufficient amount of aggregate income to purchase all of the output produced. This principle indicated that excess production or insufficient demand for production was unlikely to occur, at least for any extended period. When combined with flexible prices and saving-investment equality, Say's law further implied that an economy would achieve and maintain full employment of resources. This law was singled out by John Maynard Keynes in his critique of classical economics, but remains relevant in current macroeconomic analysis, reflected in the circular flow model.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a garage sale hoping to buy either a New York Yankees baseball cap or a solid oak entertainment center. Be on the lookout for telephone calls from long-lost relatives.
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The wealthy industrialist, Andrew Carnegie, was once removed from a London tram because he lacked the money needed for the fare.
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