March 21, 2018 

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SCAB: Someone who starts working or continues to work for a firm while a labor union is engaged in a strike of the firm. Scab is common term used by union members for the more polite name strikebreaker. Striking union members are more inclined to use even more derogatory terms. Such workers are used by employers to force union members to stop their strike and return to work. While strikers don't like it, labor laws guarantee that nonstriking workers can cross the picket line and go to work.

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Lesson 15: Aggregate Market | Unit 4: Self Correction Page: 16 of 22

Topic: Short Run <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The aggregate market, which is typically at or near short-run equilibrium, is persistently motivated to seek out the long-run equilibrium.
  • This motivation comes from an imbalance in the labor market created by rigid wages, temporarily tapping into frictional and structural unemployment, and misperceptions about the real wage.
  • The imbalance is temporary. The macroeconomy will automatically move toward long-run equilibrium and full employment.
  • Wages are flexible in the long run, but rigid in the short run. This is the key to the self-correction mechanism of the aggregate market.

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The proposition that prices adjust in the long run in response to market shortages or surpluses. This condition is most important for long-run macroeconomic activity and long-run aggregate market analysis. In particular, flexible prices are the key reason for the vertical slope of the long-run aggregate supply curve. This proposition is also central to the original classical theory of macroeconomics and to modern variations, including rational expectations, new classical theory, and supply-side economics.

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