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GOVERNMENT PURCHASES LINE: A graphical depiction of the relation between government purchases and national income (or gross domestic product) that plays a role in Keynesian economics and the Keynesian cross. The slope of this line is positive, greater than zero, less than one, and goes by the name marginal propensity for government purchases. The vertical intercept of this line is autonomous government purchases. The aggregate expenditures line used in the Keynesian cross is obtained by adding this government purchases line, as well as, investment expenditures and net exports, to the consumption line. The government purchases line is also combined with investment expenditures for the Keynesian saving-investment model.

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Lesson 15: Aggregate Market | Unit 2: Equilibrium Page: 8 of 22

Topic: Three Markets <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The macroeconomy contains three interrelated aggregate markets--product markets, resource markets, and financial markets.

In general, a market is in equilibrium when buyers and sellers come upon a price that generates the same quantity demanded and quantity supplied.

Two macroeconomic notions of equilibrium:

  • Long-run equilibrium: All three aggregate markets achieve equilibrium simultaneously.
  • Short-run equilibrium: Price and wage rigidity prevent equilibrium in the resource markets, even though the aggregate product and financial markets are in equilibrium.

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POLITICAL BUSINESS CYCLES

The notion that business cycles are caused by elected government leaders who manipulate the economy to achieve personal political goals, that is, to be re-elected and remain in office. The leaders stimulate the economy leading up to an election, creating a business-cycle expansion that ensures (they hope) re-election, they then induce a business-cycle contraction after the election to correct problems created by the pre-election stimulation. This explanation suggests that government is the source of business cycles are should not be allowed to implement discretionary stabilization policies.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time watching the shopping channel looking to buy either decorative picture frames or storage boxes for your income tax returns. Be on the lookout for cardboard boxes.
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Woodrow Wilson's portrait adorned the $100,000 bill that was removed from circulation in 1929. Woodrow Wilson was removed from circulation in 1924.
"Being defeated is only a temporary condition; giving up is what makes it permanent."

-- Marilyn vos Savant, Author

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