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SELF-CORRECTION, INFLATIONARY GAP: The automatic process through which the aggregate market achieves long-run equilibrium by eliminating an inflationary gap created by short-run equilibrium. With an inflationary gap short-run equilibrium real production is greater than full-employment real production, meaning resource markets have shortages, and in particular labor is overemployed. Self-correction is the process in which these temporary imbalances are eliminated through flexible prices as the aggregate market achieves long-run equilibrium. The key to this process is shifts of the short-run aggregate supply curve caused by changes in wages and other resource prices. The long-run result is lower wages and a decrease in short-run aggregate supply.

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Lesson 16: Aggregate Shocks | Unit 4: Complex Shifts Page: 13 of 21

Topic: AD <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Our analysis of AD-curve-induced aggregate market adjustment from one equilibrium to another is more complex when we include the self-correction mechanism from the short run to the long run.

Two cases:

  • Aggregate demand increases.
  • Aggregate demand decreases.

The complex adjustment is a two step process:

  • First: The AD curve shifts, which leads to a short-run equilibrium and moves the aggregate market away from the long-run equilibrium.
  • Second: Wages adjust to achieve equilibrium in the labor market--eventually--which changes production costs, shifts the SRAS, and restores long-run equilibrium.

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DATA

Observations or measurements that quantify or otherwise identify some aspect of the real world. Data are used to track economic performance, quantify economic characteristics, and test economic hypotheses. Data collection is often the most challenging part of undertaking an empirical analysis.

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