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CAPITALISM: A type of economy based on -- (1) private ownership of most resources, goods, and other stuff (private property); (2) freedom to generally use the privately-owned resources, goods, and other stuff to get the most wages, rent, interest, and profit possible; and (3) a system of relatively competitive markets. While government establishes the legal "rules of the game" for capitalism and provides assorted public goods, like national defense, education, and infrastructure, most production, consumption, and resource allocation decisions are left up to individual businesses and consumers. The term capitalism is derived from the notion that capital goods are under private, rather than government, ownership (compare communism, socialism.

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Lesson 16: Aggregate Shocks | Unit 4: Complex Shifts Page: 15 of 21

Topic: AD Decrease <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The case of an decrease in the AD curve. Let's start at long-run equilibrium. All three curves, AD, LRAS, and SRAS, intersect at the same long-run equilibrium values, Po and Qf.
  • With a leftward shift of the AD curve, the aggregate market achieves short-run equilibrium at a lower price level and less real production.
  • The labor market imbalance causes wages and production cost to fall. The SRAS shifts rightward. It stops shifting when it intersects the new AD and the original LRAS curves for a new long-run equilibrium. The price level is even lower and real production returns to full employment.

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INELASTIC

The general relation between two variables in which relatively large changes in one variable (A) cause relatively small changes in another variable (B). In other words, large changes in variable A cause relatively small changes in variable B or the percentage change in variable B is smaller than the percentage change in variable A. This characterization of elasticity is most important for the price elasticity of demand and the price elasticity of supply. Inelastic is one of two general elasticity relations between two variables. The other is elastic.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time strolling around a discount warehouse buying club wanting to buy either a birthday greeting card for your grandfather or a weathervane with a cow on top. Be on the lookout for infected paper cuts.
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The standard "debt" notation I.O.U. does not mean "I owe you," but actually stands for "I owe unto..."
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