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AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS: An association of university and college faculty established in 1915 to protect academic freedom. Commonly abbreviated AAUP, this association is the closest thing university faculty have to a labor union. While it does engage in some collective bargaining functions with specific universities, similar to traditional labor unions, its primary function is to ensure that faculty maintain intellectual or academic freedom from political of social pressures.

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Lesson 16: Aggregate Shocks | Unit 1: Instability Page: 2 of 21

Topic: Fluctuations <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Our goal is to explain business cycle fluctuations.
  • The real GDP path the economy would take with long-run equilibrium--at full employment--is the straight, green upward-sloping line.
  • The actual real GDP path, the jagged red line, tends to be less smooth.
  • The business cycle is the movement above and below the long-run trend.
  • When the actual is below the long-run equilibrium line, we get unemployment.
  • When the actual is above the long-run equilibrium line, we get inflation.
  • Ceteris paribus factors are what create fluctuations away from the long-run trend.
  • Aggregate demand determinants are the main cause.

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INCREASING-COST INDUSTRY

A perfectly competitive industry with a positively-sloped long-run industry supply curve that results because expansion of the industry causes higher production cost and resource prices. An increasing-cost industry occurs because the entry of new firms, prompted by an increase in demand, causes the long-run average cost curve of each firm to shift upward, which increases the minimum efficient scale of production.

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BLUE PLACIDOLA
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching for a specialty store seeking to buy either a small, foam rubber football or an instructional DVD on learning to the play the oboe. Be on the lookout for bottles of barbeque sauce that act TOO innocent.
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A half gallon milk jug holds about $50 in pennies.
"Inside the ring or out, ain't nothing wrong with going down. It's staying down that's wrong. "

-- Muhammad Ali

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