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NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD: A government body overseeing relations between unions and management -- the workers and their employers. It was established by the National Labor Relations Act in 1935, but was modified by the Labor-Management Relations Act in 1947. The National Labor Relations Board is the place to go should either unions or management suspect the other side is engaging in unfair labor practices.

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Lesson 16: Aggregate Shocks | Unit 2: Extension Page: 5 of 21

Topic: Self-Correction <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The aggregate market has a perpetual inclination to adjust from short-run equilibrium to long-run equilibrium.
  • The aggregate market self-correction mechanism relies on wages, the key production cost determinant.
  • Short-run labor market imbalances induce wage changes that move the aggregate market to long-run equilibrium.

A recessionary gap Unemployment causes lower wages and production costs, and an increase in short-run aggregate supply.

An inflationary gap Labor market imbalances increase wages and production cost, and decrease in short-run aggregate supply.

Long run equilibrium is restored in both cases.


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AGGREGATE DEMAND

The total real expenditures on final goods and services produced in the domestic economy that buyers are willing and able to undertake at different price levels, during a given time period (usually a year). Aggregate demand, usually abbreviated AD, is an inverse relation between price level and aggregate expenditures. This is one half of the AS-AD (aggregate market) analysis. The other half is aggregate supply. Aggregate demand consists of four aggregate expenditures--consumption expenditures, investment expenditures, government purchases, and net exports--made by the four macroeconomic sectors--household, business, government, and foreign.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for a downtown retail store seeking to buy either looseleaf notebook paper or a three-hole paper punch. Be on the lookout for letters from the Internal Revenue Service.
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The 22.6% decline in stock prices on October 19, 1987 was larger than the infamous 12.8% decline on October 29, 1929.
"Good humor is a tonic for mind and body. It is the best antidote for anxiety and depression. It is a business asset. It attracts and keeps friends. It lightens human burdens. It is the direct route to serenity and contentment."

-- Grenville Kleiser, Author

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