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VALUE-ADDED TAX: A tax on the extra value added during each stage in the production of a good. Most of the stuff our economy produces goes through several "stages," usually with different businesses. In each stage, resources do their thing to the good to make it a little more valuable. For example, an ice cream store can take 50 cents worth of ice cream, fudge, and whipped topping and turn it into a hot fudge sundae that's valued at $1.50. The efforts of the ice cream resources thus add $1 in value. A value-added tax is based on this extra value. While it's been debated off and on in the United States, a value-added tax is commonly used in Europe.

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Lesson 16: Aggregate Shocks | Unit 2: Extension Page: 5 of 21

Topic: Self-Correction <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The aggregate market has a perpetual inclination to adjust from short-run equilibrium to long-run equilibrium.
  • The aggregate market self-correction mechanism relies on wages, the key production cost determinant.
  • Short-run labor market imbalances induce wage changes that move the aggregate market to long-run equilibrium.

A recessionary gap Unemployment causes lower wages and production costs, and an increase in short-run aggregate supply.

An inflationary gap Labor market imbalances increase wages and production cost, and decrease in short-run aggregate supply.

Long run equilibrium is restored in both cases.


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ENTERPRISE

An organization that combines scarce resources for the production and supply of goods and services. The term enterprise is generally used synonymously with other terms such as business, firm, and company. If a distinction exists, enterprise can be profit oriented, nonprofit, privately owned, or government controlled. Alternatively, the term enterprise might also be used more in reference to the production activity itself rather than the organization.

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RED AGGRESSERINE
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a crowded estate auction trying to buy either a small palm tree that will fit on your coffee table or several magazines on fashion design. Be on the lookout for broken fingernail clippers.
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During the American Revolution, the price of corn rose 10,000 percent, the price of wheat 14,000 percent, the price of flour 15,000 percent, and the price of beef 33,000 percent.
"Always remember that striving and struggle precede success, even in the dictionary. "

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