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CAPITAL ACCOUNT SURPLUS: An imbalance in a nation's balance of payments capital account in which payments received by the country for selling domestic assets exceed payments made by the country for purchasing foreign assets. In other words, investment by the domestic economy in foreign assets is greater than foreign investment in domestic assets. This is generally a desireable situation for a domestic economy. However, in the wacky world of international economics, a capital account surplus is often balanced by a current account deficit, which is not generally considered a desireable situation. If, however, the current account does not balance out the capital account, then a capital account surplus contributes to a balance of payments surplus.

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Lesson 19: Money Creation | Unit 2: Fred Returns Page: 9 of 23

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  • Reviewing Fred the Goldsmith, that Fred has developed several modern banking functions: safekeeping, depository, lending and fractional-reserve banking functions.
  • Fred's system of tracking gold flows by issuing receipts for each deposit.
  • The three main features of Fred's system:
    • Knights need not withdraw the same gold deposited.
    • Fred need not personally know each knight requesting services.
    • These gold receipts are as good as gold and become money.
  • Two options Fred has to make a loan:
    • Loan some gold from the safe which could be deposited back in return for receipts.
    • To loan the receipts directly.
  • The importance of fractional-reserve banking and Fred's ability to create money that is used for investment and economic growth.

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EMPLOYED PERSONS

People who are actively engaged in the production of goods and services. This is one of three official categories used to classify individuals by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) based on information obtained from the Current Population Survey. The other two categories are unemployed persons and not in the labor force. The sum of employed persons and unemployed persons constitutes the civilian labor force.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time strolling around a discount warehouse buying club trying to buy either handcrafted decorations to hang on your walls or throw pillows for your bed. Be on the lookout for celebrities who speak directly to you through your television.
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John Maynard Keynes was born the same year Karl Marx died.
"Do what you feel in your heart to be right for you'll be criticized anyway. You'll be damned if you do and damned if you don't. "

-- Eleanor Roosevelt, first lady

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