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SCARCITY: A pervasive condition of human existence that exists because society has unlimited wants and needs, but limited resources used for their satisfaction. In other words, while we all want a bunch of stuff, we can't have everything that we want. In slightly different words, this scarcity problem means: (1) that there's never enough resources to produce everything that everyone would like produced; (2) that some people will have to do without some of the stuff that they want or need; (3) that doing one thing, producing one good, performing one activity, forces society to give up something else; and (4) that the same resources can not be used to produce two different goods at the same time. We live in a big, bad world of scarcity. This big, bad world of scarcity is what the study of economics is all about. That's why we usually subtitle scarcity: THE ECONOMIC PROBLEM.

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Lesson 2: Economic Science | Unit 3: Verification Page: 10 of 20

Topic: Evaluation <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Ceteris Paribus Assumption:
In order to test an hypothesis we need to keep constant other factors that may affect it. Other things are called ceteris paribus factors.

The last step in the process is to evaluate the hypothesis. We have two possibilities-data and hypothesis agree-- data and hypothesis don't agree.

The data and hypothesis agree.

  • Because we can not prove an absolute, this possibility gives us support for the hypothesis, but not absolute proof that it is correct.
  • To get a proof, we need to test the hypothesis many times under several different conditions. But even then, we can not be 100%, absolutely certain.
  • With growing certainty of the validity of the hypothesis, it becomes a principle and is added to the theory for an expanded theory.

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BANK RESERVES

Assets used by banks to back up deposits and to conduct daily transactions, including withdrawing funds, "cashing" checks, and transferring funds between banks to "clear" checks. Reserves, also termed bank reserves or legal reserves, includes two types of assets: vault cash and Federal Reserve deposits. These legal reserves are then divided between require reserves and excess reserves. Required reserves are used to back up deposits and excess reserves are used for loans.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time wandering around the shopping mall hoping to buy either blue cotton balls or a genuine down-filled pillow. Be on the lookout for the last item on a shelf.
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A lump of pure gold the size of a matchbox can be flattened into a sheet the size of a tennis court!
"Wherever you go, no matter what the weather, always bring your own sunshine."

-- Anthony J. D'Angelo

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