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INCREASING OPPORTUNITY COST: The proposition that opportunity cost, the value of foregone production, increases as more of a good is produced. This 'law' is most important to the slope of the production possibilities curve. It generates the convex shape of the curve, making the curve flat at the top and steep at the bottom.

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Lesson 20: Federal Reserve System | Unit 1: The Fed Page: 3 of 20

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  • The basics of how Clarence the King discovered the regulatory function of the modern banking system.
  • That the Federal Reserve System keeps banks operating through a combination of regulatory oversight and emergency reserves.
  • That the Federal Reserve is a central bank, which is a government established and sanctioned bank with assorted financial tasks.
  • That the Federal Reserve regulates the banking system and control the money supply.
  • That the Federal Reserve was established in 1913 to prevent failed banks from shrinking the money supply and causing business cycles contractions.

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CONSUMPTION RIVALRY

Whether or not the consumption of a particular good by one person prevents simultaneous consumption by another person. In other words, does consumption impose an opportunity cost on others. Rival consumption occurs if the consumption by one imposes an opportunity cost on others because others are prevented from consuming the good. Nonrival consumption occurs if the consumption by one does not impose an opportunity cost on others because others are not prevented from consuming the good. When combined with nonpayer excludability, the result is four alternative types of goods -- private, public, common-property, and near-public.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time going from convenience store to convenience store trying to buy either a large red and white striped beach towel or a bottle of blackcherry flavored spring water. Be on the lookout for gnomes hiding in cypress trees.
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Only 1% of the U.S. population paid income taxes when the income tax was established in 1914.
"Well done is better than well said. "

-- Benjamin Franklin, statesman, inventor

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American Bankers Association, Associate in Business Administration
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