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INCREASING RETURNS TO SCALE: A given proportionate increase in all resources in the long run results in a proportionately greater increase in production. Increasing returns to scale exists if a firm increases ALL resources -- labor, capital, and other inputs -- by 10%, and output increases by more than 10%. You might want to compare decreasing returns to scale and constant returns to scale.

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Lesson 5: Demand | Unit 5: Scarcity Page: 19 of 20

Topic: Unlimited Wants <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Demand is closely related to the scarcity problem, especially unlimited wants and needs.
  • Scarcity arises because society has limited resources but unlimited wants and needs.
  • The connection between demand and scarcity is:
    • The demand side of the markets comes directly from the unlimited wants and needs side of the scarcity problem, and
    • The supply side of the market comes from the limited resources side of the scarcity problem.

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ALLOCATION EFFECT

A change in the allocation of resources caused by placing taxes on economic activity. By creating disincentives to produce, consume, or exchange, taxes generally alter resource allocations. The allocation effect is typically used when governments seek to discourage the production, consumption, or exchange of particular goods or activities that are deemed undesirable (such as tobacco use or pollution). This is one of two effects of taxation. The other (primary) is the revenue effect, which is the generation of revenue used to finance government operations.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time waiting for visits from door-to-door solicitors hoping to buy either one of those memory foam pillows or a remote controlled train set. Be on the lookout for broken fingernail clippers.
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In the Middle Ages, pepper was used for bartering, and it was often more valuable and stable in value than gold.
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