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REAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT: The total market value, measured in constant prices, of all goods and services produced within the political boundaries of an economy during a given period of time, usually one year. The key is that real gross domestic product is measured in constant prices, the prices for a specific base year. Real gross domestic product, also termed constant gross domestic product, adjusts gross domestic product for inflation. You might want to compare real gross domestic product with the related term nominal gross domestic product.

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Lesson 5: Demand | Unit 2: Law of Demand Page: 5 of 20

Topic: Definition <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The law of demand is the basic principle underlying demand, one of our most important economic laws.

A definition:

The law of demand is an inverse relationship between demand price and the quantity demanded, ceteris paribus.

  • Inverse relationship means that people buy more of a good if the price is lower and less if the price is higher.
  • In terms of scientific method, price causes quantity demanded. A change in the price causes a change in the quantity demanded.
Ceteris paribus is important to the law of demand.
  • Ceteris paribus means other things remain unchanged.
  • Law of demand applies exclusively to the relationship between demand price and quantity demanded.
  • All other things that can affect demand must remain constant to avoid distorting this relationship.
  • Because demand is affected by many factors other than price, a buyer may buy larger amounts of a good even with a higher price.
  • Other factors that affect demand are called demand determinants.

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MONETARY BASE

The combination of currency held by the nonbank public, vault cash held by banks, and Federal Reserve deposits of the banks. Also termed high-powered money, these are the three monetary components over which the Federal Reserve System has relatively complete control. Due to this control, the monetary base is often used as a guide for monetary policy. The monetary base differs from a relative monetary aggregate, M1, through the inclusion of vault cash and Federal Reserve deposits and the exclusion of checkable deposits.

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PURPLE SMARPHIN
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time browsing through a long list of dot com websites hoping to buy either a coffee cup commemorating the 2000 Olympics or a birthday gift for your grandmother. Be on the lookout for florescent light bulbs that hum folk songs from the sixties.
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In the Middle Ages, pepper was used for bartering, and it was often more valuable and stable in value than gold.
"God grants victory to perseverance. "

-- Simon Bolivar, South American liberator

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