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WORLD BANK: (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) An agency of the United Nations that was established in 1945 to promote the economic development of the poorer nations in the world. They pursue this goal by providing low-interest loans to less development countries and offering technical assistance on the best ways to use these loans. Funds for the loans are obtained by the World Bank by selling bonds on the world's financial markets. It's long-run economic development orientation is usually coordinated with the shorter-run efforts of its sister U. N. agency, the International Monetary Fund.

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Lesson 5: Demand | Unit 2: Law of Demand Page: 6 of 20

Topic: Income Effect <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

An important question is: Why does the law of demand work? Two reasons are income effect and substitution effect.

First, the income effect. This is the change in quantity demanded that results because a change in price gives a buyer more real income, even though money income remains unchanged.

  • The reason is that buyers have limited income.
  • Any change in price affects the purchasing power of buyers' limited income. A higher price means a given income can buy less and a lower price means a given income can buy more.

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REVENUE EFFECT

The generation of revenue used to finance government operations that results from placing taxes on economic activity. The revenue effect is the primary reason that governments impose taxes on members of society. Without the revenue generated from taxes, governments could not provided valuable and essential public goods nor undertake other government operations. This is one of two effects of taxation. The other is the allocation effect, which is the change in resource allocation that results because taxes create disincentives to produce, consume, and exchange.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time wandering around the downtown area trying to buy either a green and yellow striped sweater vest or a Boston Red Sox baseball cap. Be on the lookout for deranged pelicans.
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During the American Revolution, the price of corn rose 10,000 percent, the price of wheat 14,000 percent, the price of flour 15,000 percent, and the price of beef 33,000 percent.
"Follow effective action with quiet reflection. From the quiet reflection will come even more effective action. "

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