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AGGREGATE OUTPUT: The macroeconomy's total production of final goods and services. You might recognized it by it's official term gross domestic product. Another related term is aggregate supply. This is the total production in the economy that is purchased by the four basic economic sectors -- household, business, government, and foreign. See also aggregate market, aggregate demand, aggregate expenditures.

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Lesson 5: Demand | Unit 2: Law of Demand Page: 8 of 20

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  • The law of demand, which is a fundamental economic principle stating that demand price and quantity demanded are inversely related, ceteris paribus.
  • Ceteris paribus, a Latin term meaning that other things remain unchanged. It is used to control for factors other than price, that affect demand.
  • Why the law of demand works because of the income and substitution effects.
  • The income effect, which exists because price changes affect the purchasing power of buyers' given incomes.
  • The substitution effect, which exists because price changes make other goods relatively more or less expensive.


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AGGREGATE SUPPLY DECREASE, SHORT-RUN AGGREGATE MARKET

A shock to the short-run aggregate market caused by a decrease in aggregate supply, resulting in and illustrated by a leftward shift of the short-run aggregate supply curve. A decrease in aggregate supply in the short-run aggregate market results in an increase in the price level and a decrease in real production. The level of real production resulting from the shock can be greater or less than full-employment real production.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time flipping through mail order catalogs hoping to buy either a coffee cup commemorating the first day of winter or a video game player. Be on the lookout for the happiest person in the room.
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There were no banks in colonial America before the U.S. Revolutionary War. Anyone seeking a loan did so from another individual.
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