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MEASURE OF VALUE: The money function in which money is used as the common benchmark to designate the prices of goods throughout the economy. Measure of value, or unit of account, means money is functioning as the measuring unit for prices. In other words, prices of goods are stated in terms of the monetary unit. This is one of four basic functions of money. The other three are medium of exchange, store of value, and standard of deferred payment.

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Lesson 6: Supply | Unit 2: Law of Supply Page: 6 of 19

Topic: Production Cost <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

An important question is: Why does the law of supply work?
  • The answer rests with production cost. In particular, the law of supply exists because of the law of increasing opportunity cost.
  • As we saw with production possibilities analysis, by increasing the production of a good, the opportunity cost of production increases.
  • Production cost increases as we increase production. To supply a larger quantity, producers need to cover these higher production costs with a higher price.

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RELATIVELY INELASTIC

An elasticity alternative in which relatively large changes in one variable (usually price) cause relatively small changes in another variable (usually quantity). In other words, quantity is not very responsive to price. Quantity does change, but not much, in response to large changes in price. This characterization of elasticity is most important for the price elasticity of demand and the price elasticity of supply. Relatively inelastic is one of five elasticity alternatives. The other four are perfectly elastic, perfectly inelastic, relatively elastic, and unit elastic.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a crowded estate auction trying to buy either a large flower pot shaped like a Greek urn or a small palm tree that will fit on your coffee table. Be on the lookout for the happiest person in the room.
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