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LOAN: In general, a transaction in which a legal claim is exchanged for money. The legal claim is typically a contract or promissory note stipulating when and how the money will be repaid. The lender gives up the money and receives the legal claim. The borrower gives up the legal claim and receives the money. A loan can be either an asset or a liability, depending on who does the borrowing and who does the lending. To the borrower, a loan is a liability, something that is owed. The borrower must pay off the loan or repurchase the legal claim. However, to the lender, a loan is an asset, something that is owned. In fact, loans represent a significant part of a bank's assets.

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Lesson 7: Market | Unit 4: Adjustment Page: 14 of 22

Topic: Shortage <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

A shortage exists if the quantity demanded is greater than the quantity supplied at the current market price.
  • A shortage exists if the market price is 30 cents.
  • The quantity supplied is 200 tapes and the quantity demanded is 600 tapes, giving a shortage of 400 tapes.
  • This shortage induces the price to rise up to the equilibrium level of 50 cents.

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MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION

A market structure characterized by a large number of small firms, similar but not identical products sold by all firms, relative freedom of entry into and exit out of the industry, and extensive knowledge of prices and technology. This is one of four basic market structures. The other three are perfect competition, monopoly, and oligopoly. Monopolistic competition approximates most of the characteristics of perfect competition, but falls short of reaching the ideal benchmark that IS perfect competition. It is the best approximation of perfect competition that the real world offers.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at the confiscated property police auction seeking to buy either handcrafted decorations to hang on your walls or throw pillows for your bed. Be on the lookout for deranged pelicans.
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Lewis Carroll, the author of Alice in Wonderland, was the pseudonym of Charles Dodgson, an accomplished mathematician and economist.
"Being defeated is only a temporary condition; giving up is what makes it permanent."

-- Marilyn vos Savant, Author

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