March 21, 2018 

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BALANCED BUDGET: An equality between the revenues and expenditures that constitute a budget. The notion of a budget is most important for governments, where revenues are taxes and expenditures are assorted public goods, administrative expenses, etc. While the federal government has been notorious for its failure to maintain a balanced budget, except for periods of unexpected prosperity, many state and local governments are very good at this sort of thing.

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Lesson 7: Market | Unit 5: Efficiency Page: 17 of 22

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Efficiency is one of the five basic goals of the economy. It's nice to have, if you can.
  • Efficiency is getting the most satisfaction of wants and needs from available resources.
  • Scarcity is less of a problem when resources are used efficiently.
  • Economists like markets because they can achieve efficiency under the right conditions. And because markets are self-correcting, they can achieve this efficiency without intervention.

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A form of fiscal policy in which an increase in government purchases, a decrease in taxes, and/or an increase in transfer payments are used to correct the problems of a business-cycle contraction. The goal of expansionary fiscal policy is to close a recessionary gap, stimulate the economy, and decrease the unemployment rate. Expansionary fiscal policy is often supported by expansionary monetary policy. An alternative is contractionary fiscal policy.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for a downtown retail store trying to buy either an AC adapter for your CD player or storage boxes for your family photos. Be on the lookout for rusty deck screws.
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The penny is the only coin minted by the U.S. government in which the "face" on the head looks to the right. All others face left.
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