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LABOR-LEISURE TRADEOFF: The perpetual tradeoff faced by human beings between the amount of time spent engaged in wage-paying productive work and satisfaction-generating leisure activities. The key to this tradeoff is a comparison between the wage received from working and the amount of satisfaction generated from leisure. Such a comparison generally means that a higher wage entices people to spend more time working, which entails a positively sloped labor supply curve. However, the backward-bending labor supply curve results when a higher wage actually entices people to work less and to "consume" more leisure time.

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Lesson 7: Market | Unit 5: The Method Page: 18 of 22

Topic: Efficient Markets <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Rethinking demand and supply curves indicates efficiency of markets.

Market equilibrium has:

  • Equality between quantity demanded and quantity supplied.
  • Equality between demand price and supply price.
  • Equality between demand price and supply price means that the satisfaction obtained from the good produced is equal to the opportunity cost of production.
  • This equality between prices also means that the value of the good produced is equal to the value of goods not produced.

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ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION

Information is not equally available to everyone. Asymmetric information results because efficient information search inevitably stops short of compete information. Some people obtain more benefits from information than others, are willing to incur higher search costs, and thus end up knowing more. Or they incur lower information search costs and have easier access to the information. In a market, sellers tend to have more information about the good than buyers. Asymmetric information gives rise to adverse selection, moral hazard, and the principal-agent problem. These problems can be lessened through signalling and screening.

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ORANGE REBELOON
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time waiting for visits from door-to-door solicitors hoping to buy either one of those memory foam pillows or a remote controlled train set. Be on the lookout for broken fingernail clippers.
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In the late 1800s and early 1900s, almost 2 million children were employed as factory workers.
"Always remember that striving and struggle precede success, even in the dictionary. "

-- Sarah Ban Breathnach, writer

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