March 21, 2018 

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ACCELERATOR: The ratio between investment expenditures and the change in gross domestic product. This is based on the notion that business investment depends on the rate of growth of aggregate output. If the economy is expanding, in other words, then the business sector invests in more capital goods to produce the extra output needed. This accelerator effect modifies and magnifies the simply multiplier effect based on the induced consumption and the marginal propensity to consume.

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Lesson 1: Economic Basics | Unit 4: Goals Page: 11 of 18

Topic: Economic Goals <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The three macro goals are most important in the study of the macroeconomics:

  • Full employment: This is when all available resources (labor, capital, land, and entrepreneurship) are used to produce goods and services. It enables more production that can reduce the scarcity problem.
  • Stability: This is avoiding or limiting fluctuations in production, employment, and prices. It reduces uncertainty of the future.
  • Growth: This is increasing the economy's ability to produce goods and services. It improves living standards and better addresses the scarcity problem.

The two micro goals are most important in the study of the microeconomics:

  • Efficiency: This is getting the highest amount of satisfaction from available resources. Efficiency is achieved when society cannot change the distribution of resources in any way that would increase the total amount of satisfaction obtained by society.
  • Equity: This is the fairness with which income or wealth is distributed within a society. Equity occurs when income or wealth is fairly distributed. But the standards of fairness differ and puts us into normative economics.

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Exports to the foreign sector that do not depend on domestic income or production (especially national income or gross domestic product). Exports depend on foreign income or production, but not on domestic income or production. While other expenditures have both autonomous and induced components, exports are exclusively autonomous. Autonomous exports are a key part of the autonomous part of net exports. Induced net exports are due to induced imports.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for the new strip mall out on the highway hoping to buy either a wall poster commemorating Thor Heyerdahl's Pacific crossing aboard the Kon-Tiki or decorative garden figurines. Be on the lookout for spoiled cheese hiding under your bed hatching conspiracies against humanity.
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The 22.6% decline in stock prices on October 19, 1987 was larger than the infamous 12.8% decline on October 29, 1929.
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