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December 19, 2018 

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DISINTERMEDIATION: A general deterioration in the profitability of a bank because it pays high interest rates on short-term borrowing, but earns relatively low interest rates on long-term lending. This was a big, BIG problem for savings and loans (S&Ls) during the 1970s and ultimately caused many of them to fail in the 1980s. S&Ls were designed (by law) to make long-term (30-year) home loans to consumers, but to get the funds for these loans using standard savings accounts. When inflation and interest rates shot up in the 1970s, S&Ls found it necessary to pay savers higher rates to get the funds. But, they still had a bunch of home loans--with low interest rates--that were 15, 20, or 25 years from being repaid. For several years, S&Ls received 6 percent on many of their loans, but paid out something like 12 percent. This gradually eroded their profitability until many were forced to close their doors.

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BARTER EXCHANGE: A method of trading goods, commodities, or services, directly for one another without the use of money. In a barter exchange one good is traded directly for another. This sort of exchange ultimately requires a double coincidence of wants, meaning that each trader has what the other trader wants and wants what the other has. Without a double coincidence of wants the exchange process can become exceedingly complex, requiring a great deal of resources to complete transactions, resources that can not be used for production. In fact, inefficient barter trading was the primary reason that money was invented. With money, more resources can be used for production and fewer are needed for trading. See market.

     See also | good | service | money | exchange | double coincidence of wants | resources | production | market |


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BARTER EXCHANGE, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: December 19, 2018].


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MODEL

An abstract representation of the real world that is usually based on scientific theories, principles, and hypotheses. A model is used to analyze economic phenomena by focusing on a small number of essential aspects of the real world. It is then manipulated to derive conclusions and implications that can be applied to the real world.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time strolling through a department store looking to buy either income tax software or a how-to book on the art of negotiation. Be on the lookout for attractive cable television service repair people.
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A half gallon milk jug holds about $50 in pennies.
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