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December 21, 2014 

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MARKET FAILURE: A condition in which a market does not efficiently allocate resources to achieve the greatest possible consumer satisfaction. The four main market failures are--(1) public good, (2) market control, (3) externality, and (4) imperfect information. In each case, a market acting without any government imposed direction, does not direct an efficient amount of our resources into the production, distribution, or consumption of the good.

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LAW OF COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE: A basic principle that states every nation has a production activity that incurs a lower opportunity cost than that of another nation, which means that trade between the two nations can be beneficial to both if each specializes in the production of a good with lower relative opportunity cost. While this law is fundamental to the study of international trade, it also applies to other activities, especially the specialization and the division of labor.

     See also | international economics | comparative advantage | absolute advantage | international trade | opportunity cost | specialization | division of labor | foreign sector | domestic sector | foreign trade | closed economy | open economy | exports | imports | net exports |


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LAW OF COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2014. [Accessed: December 21, 2014].


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CONSTANT-COST INDUSTRY

A perfectly competitive industry with a horizontal long-run industry supply curve that results because expansion of the industry causes no change in production cost or resource prices. A constant-cost industry occurs because the entry of new firms, prompted by an increase in demand, does not affect the long-run average cost curve of individual firms, which means the minimum efficient scale of production does not change.

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APLS

State of the ECONOMY

Business Inventories
August 2014
$1,752.3 billion
Up 5.7% from August 2013: Econ. Stat. Admin.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a going out of business sale seeking to buy either a flower arrangement in a coffee cup for your father or a how-to book on meeting people. Be on the lookout for neighborhood pets, especially belligerent parrots.
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John Maynard Keynes was born the same year Karl Marx died.
"The man who can drive himself further once the effort gets painful is the man who will win. "

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