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OMB: The abbrevation for Office of Management and Budget, which is an office within the Executive branch (specifically within the Office of the White House), that assists the President in various fiscal matters. Established in 1970, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is responsible for developing the President's annual budget request to Congress, managing the Executive Branch, and evaluating Federal government regulations. The OMB staff are appointed by the President, but unlike other appointments, they do not need Senate confirmation. The duty of preparing the fiscal budget, and what this means for fiscal policy, has made the director of the OMB one of the more influential economic positions in country, ranking just a notch below the Chairman of the Federal Reserve System's Board of Governors and the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors. The Congressional counterpart of the OMB is the Congressional Budget Office (CBO).

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Lesson 1: Economic Basics | Unit 5: Policies Page: 17 of 18

Topic: Summary <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

  • The use of government policies to pursue the five economic goals of a mixed economy.
  • The four government policies used to pursue economic goals: fiscal, monetary, regulatory, judicial.
  • The five reasons for government action: instability, public goods, limited competition, externalities, and inadequate information.
  • The four imperfections of government action: voter apathy, special interest groups, re-election minded politicians, and complex bureaucracies.

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LONG-RUN AVERAGE COST

The per unit cost of producing a good or service in the long run when all inputs under the control of the firm are variable. In other words, long-run total cost divided by the quantity of output produced. Long-run average cost is guided by returns to scale.

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APLS

BLUE PLACIDOLA
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time waiting for visits from door-to-door solicitors wanting to buy either yellow cotton balls or a set of steel-belted radial snow tires. Be on the lookout for the happiest person in the room.
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This isn't me! What am I?

Three-forths of the gold mined each year is used to manufacture jewelry.
"When you play, play hard; when you work, don't play at all. "

-- Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US president

PWAC
Present Worth of Annual Costs
A PEDestrian's Guide
Xtra Credit
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