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A PRIORI: A presumption made before an analysis is undertaken, often based on experiences, beliefs, or deductions from seemingly self-evident propositions about how the world works. This is a Latin for assumption or axiom. A similar sounding, but opposite term is a posteriori, which is derived from observation or facts. For example, in the study of economics of crime you might assume, a priori, that people are basically "good", because that just seems to be part of human nature, and conclude, a posteriori, that people are more likely to commit crimes when the threat of capture and conviction is lower.

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Lesson 1: Economic Basics | Unit 1: Economics Page: 2 of 18

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An understanding of economics also involves:

Scarcity. We have limited resources, but unlimited wants and needs. The study of economics is essentially the study of scarcity.
Opportunity Cost. Using resources for one alternative prevents using them for another. Opportunity cost is the highest valued alternative.
Analysis. Economics is an analytical discipline that answers 'What if...?' questions.

Scarcity dictates that we must answer the three basic questions of allocation are:
  • What? What goods and services will be produced with society's resources?
  • How? How will society's resources be used to produce the goods and services?
  • For whom? Who receives the goods and services produced with society's resources?

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SELF CORRECTION, INFLATIONARY GAP

The automatic process in which the aggregate market eliminates an inflationary gap created by a short-run equilibrium that is greater than full employment through increases in wages (and other resource prices). The self-correction mechanism is triggered by short-run resource market imbalances that are closed by long-run price flexibility. The self-correction process of the aggregate market also acts to close a recessionary gap with lower wages (and other resource prices).

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BLACK DISMALAPOD
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for the new strip mall out on the highway wanting to buy either a graduation present for your niece or nephew or a toaster oven that has convection cooking. Be on the lookout for attractive cable television service repair people.
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John Maynard Keynes was born the same year Karl Marx died.
"When you play, play hard; when you work, don't play at all. "

-- Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US president

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