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AGGREGATE OUTPUT: The macroeconomy's total production of final goods and services. You might recognized it by it's official term gross domestic product. Another related term is aggregate supply. This is the total production in the economy that is purchased by the four basic economic sectors -- household, business, government, and foreign. See also aggregate market, aggregate demand, aggregate expenditures.

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Lesson 3: Scarcity | Unit 3: Opportunity Cost Page: 10 of 17

Topic: Economic Cost <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The pervasive problem of scarcity makes opportunity cost fundamental to life itself and to the study of economics.
  • Economists use the term economic cost to mean opportunity cost. They also just use the term cost.
  • Cost is foregone alternative, not necessarily the amount of money paid. Money is a way to keep score. Money is a good way to measure opportunity cost, but not the only way.Two types of opportunity or economic costs:
  • Explicit opportunity cost: Out-of-pocket or accounting cost that involves a money payment.
  • Implicit opportunity cost: Cost that does not involve a money payment.

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REQUIRED RESERVES

The reserves (vault cash and Federal Reserve deposits) that banks are required by government to keep to back up deposits. The primary use of required reserves is to process daily checkable deposit transactions. The government regulator in charge of setting reserve requires is the Federal Reserve System. Required reserves are usually in the range of 3 to 10 percent for checkable deposits and substantially less (0 percent) for savings deposits. Any legal reserves held by banks over those required to back deposits, termed excess reserves or free reserves, are available for interest-generating loans.

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PINK FADFLY
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time waiting for visits from door-to-door solicitors seeking to buy either a wall poster commemorating yesterday or pink cotton balls. Be on the lookout for door-to-door salesmen.
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Three-forths of the gold mined each year is used to manufacture jewelry.
"I much prefer the sharpest criticism of a single intelligent man to the thoughtless approval of the masses."

-- Johannes Kepler, German Astronomer

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