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A POSTERIORI: A conclusion reached through logical reasoning based on facts and observations about the real world. This notion is closely related to the scientific verification of hypotheses and the identification of principles. A similar sounding, but opposite term is a prior, which is a unverified presumption made before an analysis is undertaken. For example, in the study of economics of crime you might assume, a priori, that people are basically "good", and conclude, a posteriori, that people are more likely to commit crimes when the threat of capture and conviction is lower.

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Lesson 4: Production Possibilities | Unit 3: The Curve Page: 11 of 24

Topic: Slope and Cost <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The slope of a line is measured by calculating the change in the value measured on the vertical axis divided by the change in the value measured on the horizontal axis.
  • Another way of saying this is to take the rise over the run.

    risechange in shoes
    slope =---- =--------------------------
    runchange in calibrators

  • Slope between I and J is -70. Rise is a decrease of 70. Run is an increase of 1.
The slope of the production possibilities curve is the opportunity cost of the good measured on the horizontal axis, which in our example is clock calibrators.

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MARGINAL COST OF SEARCH

The incremental cost incurred by additional search effort is the marginal cost of search. Marginal cost of search, also termed marginal search cost, is comparable to marginal cost of short-run production analysis. Marginal cost of search increases with an increase in search effort and is represented by the marginal cost of search curve. This is one half of the efficient information search decision. The other is marginal benefit of search.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at the confiscated property police auction looking to buy either decorative picture frames or storage boxes for your income tax returns. Be on the lookout for high interest rates.
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The average length of a "business lunch" is about 36 minutes.
"Recipe for success. Study while others are sleeping; work while others are loafing, prepare while others are playing, and dream while others are wishing."

-- William A. Ward

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