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BROOKINGS INSTITUTION: An independent, nonpartisan organization devoted to research, analysis, education, and publication focused on public policy issues in the areas of economics, foreign policy, and governance. The Brookings Institution takes its name from Somers Brookings (1850-1932) who in 1922 and 1924 founded the Institute of Economics and a graduate school bearing his name. These two institutions and the Institute for Government Research (IGR), which was the first private organization devoted to analyzing public policy issues at the national level, merged in 1927 to create the Brookings Institution. The Brookings Institution is a non-profit organization located in Washington, D.C.

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Lesson 18: Banking | Unit 2: Banking Details Page: 5 of 24

Topic: Commercial Banks <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The first type of financial institution is a traditional bank.

Traditional banks have a long history in the economy:

  • They were the original financial intermediaries.
  • They diverted household income into loans for business investment.
  • They offered checking accounts.

They were heavily regulated entities:

  • The big ones, the national banks, were subject to the regulations by the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Deposit Insurance, etc.
  • Other banks, more numerous, but usually smaller, were chartered and regulated by state or local agencies.

Before the 1970's:

  • Banks were the only financial intermediaries that offered checking accounts.

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TOTAL FACTOR COST, PERFECT COMPETITION

The opportunity cost incurred by a perfectly competitive firm when using a given factor of production to produce a good or service. This is the total cost associated with the use of a particular resource or factor of production--it is the total cost of the factor. For a perfectly competitive firm, the price paid is constant and total factor cost increases at a constant rate. Total factor cost is predominately used in the analysis of the factor market. Two derivative factor cost measures are average factor cost and marginal factor cost.

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BROWN PRAGMATOX
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time visiting every yard sale in a 30-mile radius looking to buy either a T-shirt commemorating the 2000 Olympics or a genuine fake plastic Tiffany lamp. Be on the lookout for empty parking spaces that appear to be near the entrance to a store.
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Only 1% of the U.S. population paid income taxes when the income tax was established in 1914.
"Man is born to live, not to prepare for life. "

-- Boris Pasternak, writer

CLT
Central Limit Theorem
A PEDestrian's Guide
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