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LOANS: In general, transactions in which legal claims are exchanged for money. The legal claim is typically a contract or promissory note stipulating when and how the money will be repaid. The lender gives up the money and receives the legal claim. The borrower gives up the legal claim and receives the money. A loan can be either an asset or a liability, depending on who does the borrowing and who does the lending. To the borrower, a loan is a liability, something that is owed. The borrower must pay off the loan or repurchase the legal claim. However, to the lender, a loan is an asset, something that is owned. In fact, loans represent a significant part of a bank's assets.

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Lesson 7: Market | Unit 4: Adjustment Page: 13 of 22

Topic: Self-Correction <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Markets have a built-in self correction mechanism:
  • If a market is at equilibrium, it remains there.
  • If a market is not at equilibrium, it moves to equilibrium.
  • A market does not need someone (like government) controlling it to ensure that it reaches equilibrium.
Three price alternatives:
  • At equilibrium, nothing changes.
  • Below equilibrium, a shortage.
  • Above equilibrium, a surplus.
  • By creating shortages and surpluses, non-equilibrium prices induce the price to change. These changing prices move the market back to equilibrium.

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CURRENT ACCOUNT, BALANCE OF PAYMENTS

A subset of the balance of payments accounts that tracks the flow of currency and other monetary assets in exchange for trade between one nation and other nations. It includes payments for imports and exports of both goods and services. It also includes monetary gifts or transfer payments to and from other nations. The current account is divided into three categories -- balance on merchandise trade, balance on services, and unilateral transfers. This is one of two primary subsets of the balance of payments. The other is the capital account. A deficit or surplus in the current account is matched by an opposite surplus deficit in the capital account.

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APLS

BEIGE MUNDORTLE
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time browsing through a long list of dot com websites looking to buy either a set of steel-belted radial snow tires or a wall poster commemorating the 2000 Presidential election. Be on the lookout for crowded shopping malls.
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The wealthy industrialist, Andrew Carnegie, was once removed from a London tram because he lacked the money needed for the fare.
"Man is born to live, not to prepare for life. "

-- Boris Pasternak, writer

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Kansas City Board of Trade
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