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LEAKAGE LINE: A line used in the injection-leakage model representing the relation between non-consumption uses of income (that is, leakages) and national income. The three leakages are saving, taxes, and imports. The foundation of the leakages line is the saving line, which is then enhanced by adding taxes and imports. The other part of the injection-leakage model is a line representing injections. The intersection of the injection and leakage lines identifies equilibrium aggregate output, or Keynesian equilibrium.

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Lesson 20: Federal Reserve System | Unit 4: Monetary Policy Page: 16 of 20

Topic: Reserve Requirements <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Reserve requirements are the regulations the Fed uses to ensure banks keep enough reserves to back deposits.
  • In principle, reserve requirements can be used to control the money supply. In practice, reserve requirement changes would cause serious bank instability.
  • The Federal Reserve System is charged with ensuring that banks keep enough reserves, through legal reserve requirements.
  • Reserve requirements change over the years, keeping pace with the changing structure of the banking system.
  • They are currently in the 1% to 3% for checkable deposits. These are the reserves that banks use to cash checks, process checks, and conduct daily business.

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PERFECT COMPETITION

An ideal market structure characterized by a large number of small firms, identical products sold by all firms, freedom of entry into and exit out of the industry, and perfect knowledge of prices and technology. This is one of four basic market structures. The other three are monopoly, oligopoly, and monopolistic competition. Perfect competition is an idealized market structure that is not observed in the real world. While unrealistic, it does provide an excellent benchmark that can be used to analyze real world market structures. In particular, perfect competition efficiently allocates resources.

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APLS

BLUE PLACIDOLA
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time waiting for visits from door-to-door solicitors wanting to buy either yellow cotton balls or a set of steel-belted radial snow tires. Be on the lookout for the happiest person in the room.
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In the early 1900s around 300 automobile companies operated in the United States.
"When you play, play hard; when you work, don't play at all. "

-- Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US president

EMS
European Monetary System
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