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EMBARGO: In general, any sort of restriction on foreign trade, in practice, the restriction of exports destined for sale in another country. Unlike tariffs, import quotas, and other nontariff barriers that protect domestic producers from competition, embargoes are intended to punish the export destination country. One of the more famous embargoes in recent decades was the oil embargo that several middle-eastern countries imposed on the United States in the 1970s. This caused higher gasoline prices in the United States, created all sorts of havoc for our economy, and pretty much achieved the punishment objective. The United States is also prone to throw up an embargo here or there when another country acts against our political wishes.

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Lesson 4: Production Possibilities | Unit 1: Getting Started Page: 2 of 24

Topic: Assumptions <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Every economic analysis builds on certain preconditions or assumptions. Assumptions, whether reasonable or seemingly unrealistic, let us:
  1. Establish abstract benchmarks for comparison or
  2. Break an analysis into simpler, more easily manageable parts.

Four key assumptions:

  • Two Goods: Resources are used to produce one or both of only two goods. This is a simplifying assumption that lets us display graphs on the screen.
  • Fixed Resources: The quantities of the labor, capital, land, and entrepreneurship resources do not change. This is a reasonable assumption that we can change to analysis resource changes.
  • Fixed Technology: The information and knowledge that society has about the production of goods and services is fixed. This is another reasonable assumption that we can change to analysis technology changes.
  • Technical Efficiency: Resources are used in a technically efficient way. We get the maximum possible production out of the resource inputs.

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ALLOCATION

The process of distributing resources for the production of goods and services, and of distributing goods and services for the satisfaction of wants and needs and human consumption. This allocation process is an essential part of an economy's effort to address the problem of scarcity.

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APLS

ORANGE REBELOON
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time driving to a factory outlet trying to buy either a package of blank rewritable CDs or yellow cotton balls. Be on the lookout for fairy dust that tastes like salt.
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Junk bonds are so called because they have a better than 50% chance of default, carrying a Standard & Poor's rating of CC or lower.
"Man is born to live, not to prepare for life. "

-- Boris Pasternak, writer

NAA
National Association of Accountants
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