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REGULATION, CAPTURE THEORY: Control of a regulatory agency by those entities, usually the businesses of a particular industry, that the agency is designed to regulate. Those industries subject to economic regulation that is intended to protect the public interest (consumers) invariably find it beneficial to exert influence over the regulatory agency. One common way of doing this is to have former or future employees in the industry "temporarily" work for the regulatory agency.

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Lesson 16: Perfect Competition | Unit 5: Evaluation Page: 27 of 28

Topic: Market Control <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

  • Market control.

  • Market control is the ability of a firm to control the price and/or quantity of the good sold.
  • Most real world firms are not price takers. They have some degree of market control.

  • What does this mean?

    • First, because many firms in the real world have some degree of market control, they have the ability to charge a price that is a little more (or a lot more) or a little less (or a lot less) than the going market price.

    • Second, real world firms with market control do not have equality between price and marginal revenue.

    • Third, the inequality between price and marginal revenue means that profit-maximizing firms that equate marginal revenue and marginal cost do NOT equate price and marginal cost.

    • Fourth, perfect competition is most important in evaluating the degree of inefficiency of real world firms.


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BALANCE OF TRADE SURPLUS

The positive difference of the value of goods and services exported out of a country less the value of goods and services imported into the country. A balance of trade surplus is the official term for positive net exports that occurs when exports exceed imports. A balance of trade surplus is also termed a "favorable" balance of trade because it results in a net inflow of monetary payments into the domestic economic from the foreign sector, which tends to be beneficial to a country. The alternative is a balance of trade deficit in which imports exceed exports.

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APLS

YELLOW CHIPPEROON
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time calling an endless list of 800 numbers trying to buy either a rechargeable battery for your cell phone or a T-shirt commemorating the 2000 Olympics. Be on the lookout for poorly written technical manuals.
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This isn't me! What am I?

Okun's Law posits that the unemployment rate increases by 1% for every 2% gap between real GDP and full-employment real GDP.
"Think not of yourself as the architect of your career but as the sculptor. Expect to have to do a lot of hard hammering and chiseling and scraping and polishing. "

-- B. C. Forbes, founder, Forbes magazine

BPEA
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity
A PEDestrian's Guide
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