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LAW OF DIMINISHING MARGINAL RETURNS: A principle stating that as more and more of a variable input is combined with a fixed input in short-run production, the marginal product of the variable input eventually declines. This is THE economic principle underlying the analysis of short-run production for a firm. Among a host of other things, it offers an explanation for the upward-sloping market supply curve. How does the law of diminishing marginal returns help us understand supply? The law of supply and the upward-sloping supply curve indicate that a firm needs to receive higher prices to produce and sell larger quantities. Why do they need higher prices?

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: The Concept
  • What It Is
  • Price Level
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Two Options
  • Time Periods
  • Long Run
  • Short Run
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: The Curves
  • Long Run
  • Short Run
  • Market Supply
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Determinants
  • Stability
  • Long-Run Supply
  • Quantity of Resources
  • Quality of Resources
  • Short-Run Supply
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Connections
  • Self Correction
  • Policies
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Aggregate Supply

    In much the same way that the market supply lesson parallels the market demand lesson, this lesson on aggregate supply parallels the aggregate demand lesson. Aggregate supply however, is somewhat more involved that market supply, in particular, because aggregate supply is separated into two relations -- on for the short run and one for the long run. This lesson examines the relation between the price level and real production and the determinants that cause a change in aggregate supply, with a close eye on the differences between aggregate supply in the short run and the long run.

    • This lesson begins with an introduction to the aggregate supply half of the aggregate market in the first unit.
    • The second unit then explores the different aggregate supply relations that exist between the price level and real production in the short run and the long run.
    • The third unit introduces the short run aggregate supply curve and the long run aggregate supply curve which capture these two alternative relations.
    • We think pick up the keep curve shifting determinants of aggregate supply in the fourth unit, especially the resource quantity, resource quality, and resource prices.
    • The fifth unit wraps up this lesson with a discussion of the self-correction mechanism that relies on changes in the aggregate supply and how this relates to business cycle stabilization.

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    FALLACY OF PERSONAL ATTACK

    The logical fallacy of arguing that something is bad because someone "associated" with the thing is ugly, has a funny nose, drives a foreign car, regularly watches daytime soap operas, or wears outdated clothing. This fallacy of personal attack runs rampant in the political arena. Some politicians promote the notion that only good people propose good policies, while bad people have bad policies. The fact of the matter is that good people propose bad policies and bad people propose good policies.

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    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time strolling around a discount warehouse buying club hoping to buy either a pair of handcrafted oven mitts or a coffee table shaped like the state of Florida. Be on the lookout for florescent light bulbs that hum folk songs from the sixties.
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    The first paper notes printed in the United States were in denominations of 1 cent, 5 cents, 25 cents, and 50 cents.
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