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RESOURCE: The labor, capital, land, and entrepreneurship used by society to produce consumer satisfying goods and services. Land provides the basic raw materials--vegetation, animals, minerals, fossil fuels--that are inputs into the production of goods (natural resources). Labor is the resource that does the "hands on" work of transforming raw materials into goods. Capital is the comprehensive term for the vast array of tools, equipment, buildings, and vehicles used in production. Entrepreneurship is the resource that undertakes the risk of bringing the other resources together and initiating the production process.

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Lesson 11: Circular Flow | Unit 3: Government Page: 13 of 22

Topic: Government Purchases <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Government spending is divided into government purchases of GDP and transfer payments.
  • Transfer payments include welfare to the poor, unemployment compensation, and Social Security benefits.
  • Transfer payments are like negative taxes, but flow from the government sector to the household sector.
  • The circular tax flow is the net tax flow from households to government, taxes minus transfer payments.
  • Government purchases are the green flow from the government sector to the product markets.
  • As an expenditure on GDP, government purchases are comparable to consumption by the household sector and investment by the business sector.

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CENTRAL BANK

The banking authority of a nation that is charged of ensuring a sound money supply and conducting the country's monetary policy. It is usually officially authorized by, and works closely with, the other government policy makers to achieve full employment, low inflation rates, and economic growth. The Federal Reserve System is the central bank of the United States.

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APLS

BROWN PRAGMATOX
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time visiting every yard sale in a 30-mile radius looking to buy either a T-shirt commemorating the 2000 Olympics or a genuine fake plastic Tiffany lamp. Be on the lookout for empty parking spaces that appear to be near the entrance to a store.
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This isn't me! What am I?

Lewis Carroll, the author of Alice in Wonderland, was the pseudonym of Charles Dodgson, an accomplished mathematician and economist.
"Man is born to live, not to prepare for life. "

-- Boris Pasternak, writer

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