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FACE VALUE: The stated, or face, value of a legal claim or financial asset. For debt securities, such as corporate bonds or U. S. Treasury securities, this is amount to be repaid at the time of maturity. For equity securities, that is, corporate stocks, this is the initial value set up at the time it is issued. Face value, also called par value, is not necessarily, and often is not, equal to the current market price of the asset. A $10,000 U.S. Treasury note, for example, has a face value of $10,000, but might have a current market price of $9,950. The difference between face value and current price contributes to the yield or return on such assets. An asset is selling at a discount if the current price is less than the face value and is selling at a premium if the current price is more than the par value.

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Lesson 9: Macro Basics | Unit 1: The Macroeconomy Page: 2 of 16

Topic: Macroeconomics <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Macroeconomics is the study of the entire economy, the aggregate economy. Microeconomics is the study of parts of the economy.
  • Economists first studied parts of the economy (markets, demand, supply, and prices), what we now call microeconomics.
  • The Great Depression of 1930's, motivated economists led by John Maynard Keynes, to study macroeconomics.
Microeconomics and macroeconomics have their own principles, theories, and phenomena. Both are part of economics and each is intertwined with the other.
  • The macroeconomy affects microeconomic decisions.
  • Microeconomic decisions affect the macroeconomy.

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AGGREGATE DEMAND SHIFTS

Changes in the aggregate demand determinants cause the aggregate demand curve to shift. The mechanism is comparable to that for market demand determinants and market demand. There are two alternatives--an increase in aggregate demand and a decrease in aggregate demand. An increase in spending by any of the four sectors--household, business, government, and foreign--shifts the aggregate demand curve to right. A decrease in spending by these four sectors shifts the aggregate demand curve to left.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a flea market looking to buy either a package of 4 by 6 index cards, the ones with lines or a 50 foot extension cord. Be on the lookout for the last item on a shelf.
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The New York Stock Exchange was established by a group of investors in New York City in 1817 under a buttonwood tree at the end of a little road named Wall Street.
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