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 JOINT PRODUCTION: The simultaneous production of two or more goods from the same resource. For example the production of beef also results in the production of leather and the production of lumber also results in the production of sawdust. Joint production can be beneficial, that is, giving a producer multiple products to sell. But it can also be problematic when one of the joint products is undesirable, such as pollution or waste residuals.
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 Lesson 11: Elasticity Basics | Unit 3: Measurement Page: 14 of 25

 Topic: Doing The Numbers: Midpoint <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

• Our task is to calculate the price elasticity of demand using the midpoint formula.

 midpointelasticity = (Q2 - Q1)(Q2 + Q1)/2 ÷ (P2 - P1)(P2 + P1)/2

• The values for this formula are P1 = \$2.49, Q1 = 5,447 tacos, P2 = \$1.99, Q2 = 6,608 tacos.  midpointelasticity = 0.19 ÷ - 0.22 = - 0.86

• This value - 0.86 indicates that the a one percent decline in the price of Tacos results in a 0.86 percent increase in quantity demanded.

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INFLATION PROBLEMS

Two notable problems are associated with inflation--uncertainty and haphazard redistribution. Inflation, especially inflation that varies from month to month and year to year, makes long-term planning quite difficult. Prices, wages, taxes, interest rates, and other nominal values that enter into consumer, business, and government planning decisions can be significantly affected by inflation. Moreover, inflation tends to redistribute income and wealth in a haphazard manner--some people win and some people lose. This redistribution might not be that desired by society, failing to promote any of the basic economic goals of efficiency, equity, stability, growth, or full-employment.

 BLUE PLACIDOLA[What's This?] Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time calling an endless list of 800 numbers trying to buy either a T-shirt commemorating the first day of winter or software that won't crash your computer. Be on the lookout for strangers with large satchels of used undergarments.Your Complete Scope
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