Tuesday  March 5, 2024
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 TAX AVOIDANCE: A legal reduction in taxes. The complexity of our system of taxes, especially income taxes, makes it extremely worthwhile to identify the mix of spending, working, and assorted activities that reduce taxes. This has also created a major industry of accountants, lawyers, educators, public speakers, and others who spend their efforts uncovering legal tax loopholes. In terms of the big efficiency picture, this is a waste of resources. Our lives would, in general, be better off if this tax avoidance industry devoted it's efforts to increasing gross domestic product rather than diverting it from one pocket to another. This, though, is not a fault of theirs, but of the tax system itself.
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 Lesson Contents Unit 1: The Basics Opportunity Cost Cost Times Two Profit Times Three Unit 1 Summary Unit 2: Three Totals Fixed And Variable A Table Of Totals Total Curves TP And TVC Unit 2 Summary Unit 3: Four More Measures Three Averages A Table Of Averages Average Curves One Marginal A Marginal Table The Marginal Curve Unit 3 Summary Unit 4: Long-Run Cost Doing The Long Run A Choice Of Plants Planning Curve Scale Economies Unit 4 Summary Unit 5: Previewing Supply Production Stages Marginal Cost Unit 5 Summary Course Home
Cost

• The first unit of this lesson, The Basics, begins this our study with a review of the opportunity cost notion and how it relates to business activity.
• In the second unit, Three Totals, we take a look at the three total cost measures, including total cost, total variable cost, and total fixed cost.
• The third unit, Four More Measures, then presents four additional cost measures -- average total cost, average variable cost, average fixed cost, and marginal cost.
• In the fourth unit, Long-Run Cost, we examine how scale economies and diseconomies affect cost in the long run.
• The fifth and final unit, Previewing Supply, then closes this lesson by previewing the importance of cost, especially marginal cost, to the supply decision by a firm.

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MARGINAL UTILITY CURVE

A curve illustrating the relation between the marginal utility obtained from consuming an additional unit of good and the quantity of the good consumed. The negative slope of the marginal utility curve reflects the law of diminishing marginal utility. The marginal utility curve also can be used to derived the demand curve.

 PURPLE SMARPHIN[What's This?] Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching the newspaper want ads hoping to buy either income tax software or a how-to book on the art of negotiation. Be on the lookout for poorly written technical manuals.Your Complete Scope
 Lombard Street is London's equivalent of New York's Wall Street.
 "All things are difficult before they are easy."-- Thomas Fuller, Physician
 M3M2 plus investment types of near monies, including large denomination certificates of deposits, institutional money market deposits, and longer term repurchase agreements and Eurodollars
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