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WEIGHT LOSING: An activity in which the transportation cost of the inputs is greater than the transportation cost of the output. Using the term weight to mean transportation cost, an activity is said to lose weight if the cost of getting the inputs to the factory is greater than the cost of moving the output to the market. A weight-losing activity has a greater attraction to, and tends to locate near, the source for the inputs.

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Lesson 7: Market Equilibrium | Unit 5: The Method Page: 21 of 22

Topic: Inefficiency <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Inefficient use of resources can result from:
  • The fourth rule of competition-with less competition buyers or sellers control the price. The quantity is too little and the demand price is greater than the supply price.
  • The seventh rule of complexity-costs or benefits external to the market (externalities) cause differences between the value of goods produced and goods not produced, even though market demand and supply prices are equal.
  • The fifth rule of imperfection-markets are not perfect.
    • Scarcity implies the lack of competition.
    • Complexity implies externalities.
Efficiency is a goal, not a perpetual state of the world.

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POLITICAL ENTREPRENEURS

Election seeking politicians who undertake risks inherent in the allocation of resources made through government actions. Like business entrepreneurs, political entrepreneurs take risks and organize production. They organize production with government laws, regulations, and policies. They run the risk of failed policies and losing elections. Their utility-maximizing actions are also a prime source of government failure. Falling victim to the principal-agent problem, pursuit of their own satisfaction (winning elections) often conflicts with what is best for the rest of society.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time flipping through mail order catalogs hoping to buy either a coffee cup commemorating yesterday or a replacement remote control for your television. Be on the lookout for slightly overweight pizza delivery guys.
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The first "Black Friday" on record, a friday marked by a major financial catastrophe, occurred on September 24, 1869 -- A FRIDAY -- when an attempted cornering of the gold market induced a financial crises and economy-wide depression.
"I much prefer the sharpest criticism of a single intelligent man to the thoughtless approval of the masses."

-- Johannes Kepler, German Astronomer

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currency and coins held by the nonbank public plus checkable deposits issued by traditional banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions, and mutual savings banks
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