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December 6, 2022 

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GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES: Transfer payments from the government sector to the business sector that do not involve current production. This is one component of the official entry government subsidies less current surplus of government enterprises found in the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economic Analysis that separates national income (the resource cost of production) and gross/net domestic product (the market value of production).

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: The Concept
  • A Definition
  • So What?
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Resources
  • Factors
  • Working Together
  • Free or Scarce?
  • Comparisons
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: Opportunity Cost
  • The Concept
  • Economic Cost
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: College Cost
  • Out of Pocket
  • What Else?
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: THE Problem
  • No Free Lunch
  • Solutions?
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Scarcity

    In this lesson you'll see why scarcity tends to make economists grumpy. You'll see that scarcity is a perpetual condition that exists because people have unlimited wants and needs, but limited resources. You'll also see how this scarcity problem underlies the common notion of cost, which is integral to the study of economics. The five units contained in this lesson provide a tour through the economic problem of scarcity.

    • The first unit, A Big Problem, examines the fundamental concept of scarcity -- the combination of limited resources and unlimited wants and needs -- that is virtually synonymous with the study of economics.
    • The second unit, Resources, discusses the four basic categories of limited resources -- labor, capital, land, and entrepreneurship -- which produce the goods that are used to satisfy unlimited wants and needs.
    • In the third unit, Opportunity Cost, we take a look at the notion of opportunity cost and see how it is related to the scarcity problem.
    • We then turn out attention in the fourth unit, College Cost, to a simple example of the explicit and implicit costs of attending college.
    • The fifth and final unit, THE Big Problem, in this lesson then ponders why scarcity is considered THE economic problem and provides a little insight into why economists are grumpy.

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    CREDIT UNIONS

    Non-profit depository financial institutions that were originally established to provide members of a specific group, such as employees of a company, with low-cost personal loans higher interest on deposits than available through traditional banks. Credit unions are chartered and regulated by the National Credit Union Administration. While credit unions are not "officially" chartered as banks, similar to other thrift institutions (savings and loan associations and mutual savings banks) they do function comparable to any traditional bank, offering a wide range of deposits, loans, and other financial services.

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    APLS

    BROWN PRAGMATOX
    [What's This?]

    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time strolling through a department store hoping to buy either decorative garden figurines or a wall poster commemorating last Friday (you know why). Be on the lookout for high interest rates.
    Your Complete Scope

    This isn't me! What am I?

    Cyrus McCormick not only invented the reaper for harvesting grain, he also invented the installment payment for selling his reaper.
    "Every man must decide whether he will walk in the light of creative altruism or in the darkness of destructive selfishness."

    -- Martin Luther King, Jr., clergyman

    ITO
    International Trade Organization
    A PEDestrian's Guide
    Xtra Credit
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