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FLOATING EXCHANGE RATE: An exchange rate determined through the unrestricted interaction of supply and demand in the foreign exchange market. A floating exchange rate means that a nation's government is NOT trying to manipulate currency prices to achieve some change in the exports or imports.

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Lesson 1: Economic Basics | Unit 3: The Economy Page: 9 of 18

Topic: A Mixed Economy: The Mix <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

A pure market economy and a pure command economy are two theoretical extremes in the allocation of resources.
  • Real world economies form a continuum bounded by these two extremes. They are mixed economies:
  • A mixed economy is one that relies on both markets and government to allocate resources.
  • Market-oriented economies, also called capitalism, are mixed economies that lean heavily to the market end.
  • Socialism and communism are mixed economies that lean more (a lot more) toward government control.

The mixed U.S. economy leans heavily to the market end of the market-government continuum.

Three indicators of government involvement:
  • Taxes: Government controls about 1/3 of the revenue generated in the economy each year.
  • Spending: Government buys 20% of the goods produced each year.
  • Regulations: Government influences many allocation decisions through laws, rules, and other restrictions.

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DISEQUILIBRIUM, LONG-RUN AGGREGATE MARKET

The state of the aggregate market in which real aggregate expenditures are NOT equal to full-employment real production, which results in an imbalance that induces a change in the price level and aggregate expenditures. In other words, the opposing forces of aggregate demand (the buyers) and aggregate supply (the sellers) are out of balance. At the existing price level, either the four macroeconomic sectors (household, business, government, and foreign) are unable to purchase all of the real production that they seek or producers are unable to sell all of the full-employment real production that they have.

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BROWN PRAGMATOX
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching for rummage sales wanting to buy either a coffee cup commemorating the 2000 Olympics or a birthday gift for your grandmother. Be on the lookout for the last item on a shelf.
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General Electric is the only stock from the original 1896 Dow Jones Industrial Average remaining in the current index.
"It is very rare that you meet with obstacles in this world (that) the humblest man has not the faculties to surmount. "

-- Henry David Thoreau, philosopher

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