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AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR: Started as a collection of craft unions in 1886, this is now one half of the umbrella organization for labor unions in the United States (the AFL part of AFL-CIO). As a collection of craft unions, the AFL primarily represented skilled workers in particular occupations. However, it also contained unions representing unskilled industrial workers, which led to a rift among AFL members in 1938 and spawned the formation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). This rift was closed in 1955, when both joined together to form the AFL-CIO, which is the primary advocate for workers and labor unions in the United States.

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Lesson 1: Economic Basics | Unit 3: The Economy Page: 9 of 18

Topic: A Mixed Economy: The Mix <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

A pure market economy and a pure command economy are two theoretical extremes in the allocation of resources.
  • Real world economies form a continuum bounded by these two extremes. They are mixed economies:
  • A mixed economy is one that relies on both markets and government to allocate resources.
  • Market-oriented economies, also called capitalism, are mixed economies that lean heavily to the market end.
  • Socialism and communism are mixed economies that lean more (a lot more) toward government control.

The mixed U.S. economy leans heavily to the market end of the market-government continuum.

Three indicators of government involvement:
  • Taxes: Government controls about 1/3 of the revenue generated in the economy each year.
  • Spending: Government buys 20% of the goods produced each year.
  • Regulations: Government influences many allocation decisions through laws, rules, and other restrictions.

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PRICE STABILITY

The condition in which the average price level in the economy changes very slowly, if at all. This is a key part of the macroeconomic goal of stability. Price stability is commonly indicated by the inflation rate, calculated as percentage change in either the Consumer Price Index (CPI) or the GDP price deflator. Price stability is generally achieved by the ABSENCE of large or rapid increases or decreases in the price level.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at the confiscated property police auction wanting to buy either a bookshelf that will fit in your closet or a birthday greeting card for your grandfather. Be on the lookout for slow moving vehicles with darkened windows.
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North Carolina supplied all the domestic gold coined for currency by the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia until 1828.
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