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ZERO-BASE BUDGET: A method of budgeting expenditures in which each expenditure is justified on its overall merits rather than being based on the budget for the previous year. A zero-base budget is most often proposed (but seldom implemented) for governments. Governments generally establish budget expenditures based on expenditures for the previous year. If, for example, budget expenditures last year were $100 billion, the requested budget for this year might be set at $110 billion. The existing $100 billion is a "given" and only the extra $10 billion is justified. With a zero-base budget, the entire $110 billion is justified.

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Lesson 18: Banking | Unit 2: Banking Details Page: 6 of 24

Topic: S&Ls <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The second type is a savings and loans association.

History:

  • Created by the Federal Home Loan Act after the WWII.
  • Promoted homed ownership for the middle class.
  • Regulated by the Federal Home Loan Bank and by the Federal Savings and Loan Deposit Insurance Corporation.
  • Operated during the 50's and 60's using the 3-6-3 rule.
  • Used savings accounts to make mortgage loans.
  • Didn't offer checking accounts or business loans.

Changes in the 70's:

  • Went for riskier loans and offered checking accounts.

In the 80's:

  • Many went out of business, others merged with traditional banks, and a few survived.
  • Operate now like traditional banks: Offer the same services and come under the same regulations.

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OPPORTUNITY COST

The highest valued alternative foregone in the pursuit of an activity. Opportunity cost is a one of the most fundamental concepts used in the study of economics. An opportunity cost can be either explicit, usually involving a monetary payment, or implicit, which does not involve a transaction. Opportunity cost is also commonly termed economic cost.

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