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October 17, 2018 

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HEDONIC: Derived from the philosophy of hedonism (that happiness is the chief good in life), the notion that value is ultimately dependent on the satisfaction of wants and needs. The word hedonic is most often used together with the word price, as in hedonic price. This suggests the view that price is based on the satisfaction generated by consuming a good, regardless of the source of the satisfaction. This notion of hedonic is closely related to, and largely indistinguishable from, the more common concept of utility.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: What It Is
  • Banking
  • Intermediary
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Banking Details
  • Types
  • Commercial Banks
  • S&Ls
  • Credit Unions
  • Savings Banks
  • Balance Sheet
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: Reserve Banking
  • Reserves
  • Legal, Required, and Excess Reserves
  • Goldsmith
  • Goldsmith Deposits
  • Goldsmith Loans
  • Goldsmith Reserves
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Regulating Banks
  • Why?
  • Who?
  • How?
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: The Economy
  • Benefits
  • Problems
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Banking

    In this lesson, we take a look at the role banking plays in the macroeconomy. Banking is most important to the study of macroeconomics because a substantial fraction of the economy's money supply is under the direct control of commercial banks (as opposed to government). Because government needs to control the money supply to promote business-cycle stability, they need to control banks control of the money supply. As such, we need to take a look at how banks operate, including how they issue the deposits that make up the money supply.

    • The first unit opens this lesson with an overview of banks and the banking system, including their role as financial intermediaries.
    • Moving into the second unit, we take a closer look at the banking system, especially the four basic types of banks (banks, savings and loans, credit unions, and mutual savings banks) and the assorted assets and liabilities of a typical bank.
    • The key banking principle -- fractional-reserve banking -- is then discussed in the third unit with a little story about Fred the Goldsmith.
    • The fourth unit of this lesson discusses the why, how, and who of bank regulation.
    • The fifth and final unit then examines the benefits and problems of fractional-reserve banking for the macroeconomy.

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    OPPORTUNITY COST, PRODUCTION POSSIBILITIES

    The production possibilities analysis, which is the alternative combinations of two goods that an economy can produce with given resources and technology, can be used to illustrate opportunity cost--the highest valued alternative foregone in the pursuit of an activity.

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    APLS

    RED AGGRESSERINE
    [What's This?]

    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching for a specialty store hoping to buy either a hepa filter for your furnace or a wall poster commemorating next Thursday. Be on the lookout for vindictive digital clocks with revenge on their minds.
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    This isn't me! What am I?

    The wealthy industrialist, Andrew Carnegie, was once removed from a London tram because he lacked the money needed for the fare.
    "Do what you feel in your heart to be right for you'll be criticized anyway. You'll be damned if you do and damned if you don't. "

    -- Eleanor Roosevelt, first lady

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