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October 18, 2018 

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HOSTILE TAKEOVER: In the world of mergers, the acquisition of one company by another against the wishes of the company being acquired. Also termed a hostile acquisition, this is accomplished by purchasing controlling interest in the stock of the acquired company, usually by offering to pay a price exceeding the current market price. A hostile takeover might be motivated to eliminate competition, to sell off the assets of the company for more that the takeover payment, or to temporarily inflate the price of the stock.

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Lesson 18: Banking | Unit 3: Reserve Banking Page: 12 of 24

Topic: Legal, Required, and Excess Reserves <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

1. Legal reserves:

  • Vault cash and deposits with the Federal Reserve that can be used to satisfy the legal reserve requirements and are needed for daily operations.

2. Required reserves:

  • The vault cash and deposits with the Federal Reserve that they have to keep to back deposits.

3. Excess reserves:

  • Any reserves over and above required reserves.
  • Excess reserves don't add to revenue and profit.

Two uses of excess reserves:

  • First: banks use them for loans.
  • Second: banks use them for investment securities.

Important point:

  • Controlling excess reserves is key to controlling the nation's money supply.

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TARIFFS

Taxes imposed by the government of one nation on imports from other nations. The primary goal of tariffs is to reduce imports and increase domestic production. As taxes, tariffs raise the demand price and lower the supply price, and thus reduce the quantity exchanged. Tariffs are one of three common foreign trade policies designed to discourage imports and/or encourage exports. The other two are import quotas and export subsidies.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching for a specialty store seeking to buy either a rechargeable battery for your computer or shoe laces for your snow boots. Be on the lookout for deranged pelicans.
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A U.S. dime has 118 groves around its edge, one fewer than a U.S. quarter.
"Executives who get there and stay suggest solutions when they present the problems. "

-- Malcolm Forbes, business executive

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