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EMIGRATION: Migration that leaves one country for another country. This is the other side of immigration. While immigration is people moving into a country, emigration is people moving out. People emigrate for the same reasons they migrate in general, to improve their lot in life. Emigration can be a problem for a country that's not highly developed because those who leave are often the "best and the brightest." As such, a country that's struggling to advance often finds itself left with unskilled, uneducated labor--the poorest of the poor who can't afford to leave.

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Lesson 18: Banking | Unit 3: Reserve Banking Page: 12 of 24

Topic: Legal, Required, and Excess Reserves <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

1. Legal reserves:

  • Vault cash and deposits with the Federal Reserve that can be used to satisfy the legal reserve requirements and are needed for daily operations.

2. Required reserves:

  • The vault cash and deposits with the Federal Reserve that they have to keep to back deposits.

3. Excess reserves:

  • Any reserves over and above required reserves.
  • Excess reserves don't add to revenue and profit.

Two uses of excess reserves:

  • First: banks use them for loans.
  • Second: banks use them for investment securities.

Important point:

  • Controlling excess reserves is key to controlling the nation's money supply.

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INFLEXIBLE PRICES

The proposition that some prices adjust slowly in response to market shortages or surpluses. This condition is most important for macroeconomic activity in the short run and short-run aggregate market analysis. In particular, inflexible prices (also termed rigid prices or sticky prices) are a key reason underlying the positive slope of the short-run aggregate supply curve. Prices tend to be the most inflexible in resource markets, especially labor markets, and the least inflexible in financial markets, with product markets falling between the two.

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APLS

PURPLE SMARPHIN
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a crowded estate auction wanting to buy either a flower arrangement with anything but tulips for your grandfather or a birthday greeting card for your mother that doesn't look like a greeting card. Be on the lookout for broken fingernail clippers.
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The average bank teller loses about $250 every year.
"A ship ought not to be held by one anchor, nor life by a single hope. "

-- Epictetus, philosopher

MFC
Marginal Factor Cost
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